Sustainability-related courses explore social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability challenges and solutions. The courses vary in the degree to which sustainability is a focus of study and are classified into two categories. Sustainability Investigations courses (SINV) engage students in a deep and focused study of problems with sustainability as a major emphasis of the course. Sustainability Connections courses (SCON) engage students in making connections between the main topic of the course and sustainability. Sustainability is related to but is not a major focus of SCON courses. Beginning with the Class of 2019, all students must complete a sustainability course as a graduation requirement.


Sustainability Course Search


Sustainability Courses
in Fall 2018

Africana Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
AFST-170
Fall 2018
African Civilizations to 1850
Ball, Jeremy
This course provides an overview to the political, social, and ecological history of Africa. We will examine the peopling of the continent, the origins of agriculture, the growth of towns and the development of metal technology. Written sources before the 1400s are almost nonexistent for most of Africa, and so we will use archaeological and linguistic sources. The geographic focus of the course will be the Middle Nile, Aksum in Ethiopia, the Sudanic states in West Africa, Kongo in Central Africa, the Swahili states of the East African coast, and Zimbabwe and KwaZulu in Southern Africa. We will also examine the Atlantic Slave Trade and the colonization of the Cape of Good Hope.This course is cross-listed as HIST 170.
SCON
AFST-220
Fall 2018
Modern N. Africa from French Invasion to Arab Spring
Commins, David
Hendrickson, Burleigh
In spite of its unique geographic position as a trade hub and a bridge between the cultures of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, North Africa (the “Maghreb”) has long been overlooked in narratives of world history. From the establishment of French colonialism to the Arab Spring, the centralization of power and the power of revolt have played critical roles in defining the cultures, politics, and histories of the modern Maghreb. Using “authority” and “resistance” as organizing themes, this course explores the complex issues of multiculturalism, nationalism, and state-society relations in this dynamic region.
SCON

American Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
AMST-101
Fall 2018
Introduction to Native American Studies
Dragone, Nicholle
This course will introduce students to the major strands of Native American Studies including contemporary issues, cultural representations (music, dance, literature, art . . . ) law, history, and methodology, by addressing some of the following questions: What contemporary issues are Native Americans dealing with today? Who are they? Where do they live? How do Native nations relate to the U.S.? How do Native Hawai’ans and Alaska Natives fit into this discussion? To address these questions, students will take part in events scheduled for the centennial of the closing of the Carlisle Indian School, the first boarding school sponsored by the U.S. government to colonize and assimilate Native children into American society. Students will explore historic representations of American Indians and the continued legacy of these representations; as well as, contemporary Native self-representations through literature and film, art, dance and music. Additionally, the class will learn from Native storytellers, authors, playwrights and artists.
SINV
AMST-200
Fall 2018
Native American Women and Feminisms
Dragone, Nicholle
This course will explore the contemporary trends in the study of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawai’ian Women by addressing the following questions: What is the usefulness of gender as a category of analysis? How have Native women been situated in scholarship on women and gender? How are Native women situated within tribal traditions? How are women’s and gender roles structured, traditionally, within Native societies? In the wake of settler colonialism in North America, how have women’s (and gender) roles remained the same, how have they changed? What are the current configurations of gender identity in Native communities, including two-spirit and multiple genders? Throughout the semester students will be introduced to Native and Indigenous feminisms (theory and praxis). We will look at the historic relationship between Native women and the early leaders of Women’s Rights in the U.S. We will explore Native women’s storytelling as sites of knowledge production and activism. We will study material culture – photography, archival records, and art – and discuss how to recognize Native women’s presence in the archives. To this end, we will take advantage of art exhibits/lectures at the Trout Gallery, and of the Carlisle Indian School’s archival materials -- digitized and physical – housed at Dickinson College and the Cumberland County Historical Society.
SINV

Anthropology

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ANTH-101
Fall 2018
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Ellison, James
Enge, Kjell
This course is a comprehensive introduction to how cultural anthropologists study culture and society in diverse contexts. We will use ethnographic case studies from across the world to examine the ways people experience and transform social relationships and culture in areas including families, gender, ethnicity, health, religion, exchange, science, and even what it means to be a person. We will examine how culture and society are embedded within, shape, and are shaped by forces of economics, politics, and environment. Offered every semester.
SCON
ANTH-216
Fall 2018
Medical Anthropology
Enge, Kjell
Comparative analysis of health, illness, and nutrition within environmental and socio-cultural contexts. Evolution and geographical distribution of disease, how different societies have learned to cope with illness, and the ways traditional and modern medical systems interact. Offered every other year.
SCON
ANTH-245
Fall 2018
Biological Determinism and the Myth of Race
Marshack, Joshua
In this course, we will critically assess biological determinism—jumping to biological explanations erroneously—in relation to race, war, gender and sex, and economic inequality. Through the lens of biological anthropology, we will explore conflicting theories of “human nature,” the American eugenics movement, modern scientific racism, and the origin of the concept of race. We will consider questions, such as: Are humans naturally egalitarian? And, is xenophobia evolutionarily adaptive? We will delve into some complex issues, such as that although biological races do not exist in humans, inequality and racism are so pervasive in many societies that they leave measurable biological effects on members of certain ethnic groups.
SCON
ANTH-245
Fall 2018
Primate Socioecology
Marshack, Joshua
This course offers a survey of the order Primates. We will cover the evolution, social behavior, and ecology of our closest relatives: monkeys, apes, and prosimians. In addition to an examination of taxonomy, anatomy, reproduction, and growth and development, emphasis will be placed on conservation and the methods of field primatology. We will address some compelling issues, including aggressive and cooperative behavior, animal tool use, what makes primates distinct, and what distinguishes humans in particular.
SCON

Archaeology

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ARCH-218
Fall 2018
Geographic Information Systems
Beevers, Michael
STAFF, ENST
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful technology for managing, analyzing, and visualizing spatial data and geographically-referenced information. It is used in a wide variety of fields including archaeology, agriculture, business, defense and intelligence, education, government, health care, natural resource management, public safety, transportation, and utility management. This course provides a fundamental foundation of theoretical and applied skills in GIS technology that will enable students to investigate and make reasoned decisions regarding spatial issues. Utilizing GIS software applications from Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), students work on a progression of tasks and assignments focused on GIS data collection, manipulation, analysis, output, and presentation. The course will culminate in a final, independent project in which the students design and prepare a GIS analysis application of their own choosing. Three hours classroom and three hours of laboratory per week. This course is cross-listed as ENST 218 and ERSC 218.
SINV

Biology

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
BIOL-131
Fall 2018
Introduction to Organisms, Populations, and Ecosystems: Topics in Ocean Ecology
Potthoff, Michael
SINV
BIOL-301
Fall 2018
Eurasian Invasion, The Columbian Exchange: Biology That Changed the World
Wingert, Harold
Beginning in 1492 there has been an exchange of all levels of fauna and flora across the globe. This exchange is known as the Columbian Exchange. The biological consequences of this exchange have been dramatic and all ecosystems on this globe have been altered. Today there exists two Europes, two Africas and two Asias as a result of this exchange of species. One of each exists in the original geographic location and the other in the United States. This course will explore the impact of invasive species on the ecosystems in Central Pennsylvania and to a lesser extent the rest of the United States and the World. This is a field based course. Students will visit local examples of invasive damage, local labs and meet scientists that manage invasive species. Students will also discover the controversies surrounding the purposeful introduction of many species that have become important parts of our local ecosystems.
SCON
BIOL-314
Fall 2018
Ecology w/Lab
Boback, Scott
Study of the interactions of organisms with each other, and with their environment, at the level of the individual, the population, the community, and the ecosystem. Lectures and readings consider both the theory of ecology and data from empirical research in the classic and current literature. Laboratory and field studies explore how ecologists perform quantitative tests of hypotheses about complex systems in nature. Six hours classroom a week. Prerequisites: One 200-level Biology course. For ENST/ENSC majors only, prerequisite is ENST 162. For Neuroscience majors only, prerequiste is NRSC 200.
SINV
BIOL-401
Fall 2018
Paleontology
Key, Marcus
A systematic study of the invertebrate and vertebrate fossil groups, plants, and their evolution and relationships to living forms. Three hours classroom and three hours laboratory a week.
SCON

Economics

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ECON-222
Fall 2018
Environmental Economics
Underwood, Anthony
A study of human production and consumption activities as they affect the natural and human environmental systems and as they are affected by those systems. The economic behavioral patterns associated with the market economy are scrutinized in order to reveal the biases in the decision-making process which may contribute to the deterioration of the resource base and of the quality of life in general. External costs and benefits, technological impacts, limits to economic growth, and issues of income and wealth distribution are examined. A range of potential policy measures, some consistent with our life style and some not, are evaluated. Prerequisite: 111.
SINV
ECON-314
Fall 2018
Gender and Development
Kongar, Mesude
This course examines the gender dimensions of economic development and globalization from the perspective of feminist economics. This perspective implies foregrounding labor, broadly defined to include paid and unpaid work, and examining gender differences in work, access to resources, and wellbeing outcomes, and how these are affected by macroeconomic policies and how gender inequalities are relevant for societal wellbeing. Since the early 1980’s economic globalization has been achieved on the basis of a common set of macroeconomic policies pursued in industrial and developing countries alike. These policies frame both the gender-differentiated impacts of policy and the initiatives that are implemented to reduce inequalities between men and women. The main objective of the course is to examine the impact of these policies on men and women in the global South (a.k.a. developing countries/Third World) on gender inequalities and to evaluate the policies/strategies for reducing gender inequalities and promoting the well-being of all people. The pursuit of these objectives will entail first a brief examination of the central tenets of feminist economics and an historical overview of the policy-oriented field of gender and development. Gender-differentiated statistics will be reviewed as they pertain to the topics under discussion.
SCON
ECON-314
Fall 2018
Urban Economics
Underwood, Anthony
This course applies concepts from microeconomics and statistics to the study of one scarce resource in particular: space. The objective is to introduce students to urban and regional economics by learning how we organize ourselves spatially and exploring the advantages and disadvantages of population clusters. We will start by examining how and why cities form, current population trends in the United States, the growth of urban areas, and the potential agglomeration benefits from urbanization. We will then discuss land prices and land use patterns, transportation, housing, local government, and crime. Along the way we’ll discuss issues such as poverty and discrimination, suburbanization and sprawl, pollution and congestion, and the role of cities in sustainable development.
SCON

English

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ENGL-101
Fall 2018
Thoreau and American Nature Writing: Environment, Cultures, and Values
Nichols, B Ashton
Henry David Thoreau's Walden is the foundational document of American nature writing. We will begin with a careful examination of this new genre. We will then work to understand connections between Henry David Thoreau and the tradition of environmental writing that he began. This focus will allow us to engage important questions confronting students and scholars interested in the tradition of environmental literature in America, its sources in wider American culture, and the impact of that tradition on our current environmental movement, nationally and internationally. Writers studied may include: Aldo Leopold, Edward Abbey, Annie Dillard, Peter Matthiessen, Terry Tempest Williams, Bill McKibben, and E. O. Wilson, and more. From the preservation of wild lands to debates about global warming, from the desire to conserve and protect animal species to the need to make use of natural resources for the betterment of human life, we will explore ways that "nature writing" and "environmental literature" have played a crucial role in the development of these ideas. Two essays, final exam.
SINV

Environmental Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ENST-111
Fall 2018
Thoreau and American Nature Writing: Environment, Cultures, and Values
Nichols, B Ashton
A study of the effects of scientific, religious, and philosophical values on human attitudes toward the environment and how these attitudes may affect our way of life. By focusing on a particular current topic, and by subjecting the basis of our behavior in regard to that topic to careful criticism, alternative models of behavior are considered together with changes in lifestyle and consciousness that these may involve.
SINV
ENST-121
Fall 2018
Environmental Science for Non-Majors
Pedersen, Brian
Van Fleet, Pamela
This introductory environmental science course will explore the integrated, interdisciplinary study of natural environmental systems and human interactions with them. Students will use scientific principles to explore the consequences of human activity. Students will be exposed to basic techniques for investigating environmental topics in lectures, laboratory exercises, and fieldwork. This is an introductory course for non-majors. Students intending to major in Environmental Studies or Environmental Science should enroll in ENST 161.Three hours classroom and three hours laboratory a week. This course does not count towards the B.A. in Environmental Studies or B.S. in Environmental Science.
SINV
ENST-161
Fall 2018
Environmental Connections
Beevers, Michael
This introductory environmental studies course draws from the influences of the humanities and natural sciences on the social sciences in relation to the environment. The course will examine the ideas, concepts, and debates central to the field. Students will examine the relationship between humans and the environment and become familiar with a range of environmental challenges, with an emphasis on how these challenges have emerged over time and space. The course will investigate and evaluate a variety of strategies that are currently being pursued to address these environmental challenges. The course stresses the importance of “seeing connections”, thinking carefully and critically about environmental issues, and appreciating that complex questions rarely have a single solution. This is an introductory course for those majoring in environmental studies and environmental science. Non-majors should enroll in ENST 121 Introduction to Environmental Science. This course has no laboratory section.
SINV
ENST-218
Fall 2018
Geographic Information Systems
Ciarrocca, James
STAFF, ENST
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful technology for managing, analyzing, and visualizing spatial data and geographically-referenced information. It is used in a wide variety of fields including archaeology, agriculture, business, defense and intelligence, education, government, health care, natural resource management, public safety, transportation, and utility management. This course provides a fundamental foundation of theoretical and applied skills in GIS technology that will enable students to investigate and make reasoned decisions regarding spatial issues. Utilizing GIS software applications from Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), students work on a progression of tasks and assignments focused on GIS data collection, manipulation, analysis, output and presentation. The course will culminate in a final, independent project in which the students design and prepare a GIS analysis application of their own choosing. Three hours of classroom and three hours of laboratory per week. This course is cross-listed as ERSC 218 and ARCH 218.
SINV
ENST-305
Fall 2018
Agroecology
Douglas, Margaret
How can agricultural systems be designed to nourish a growing human population while sustaining the natural resources upon which agriculture ultimately depends? In this course, students will learn how to use ecological principles as a lens to understand the food system from farm to fork and back again. Topics will include crop genetic resources, soil and pest management, the role of animals in agriculture, and energy in the food system. Class meetings will incorporate significant student participation including presentation and discussion of primary scientific literature. Laboratory meetings will orient students to agroecosystems in the region and provide opportunities for hands-on learning and investigation.
SINV
ENST-330
Fall 2018
Environmental Policy
Beevers, Michael
STAFF, ENST
This course examines the effect of environmental policies on environmental quality, human health and/or the use of natural resources at local, national and international levels. It considers the ways scientific knowledge, economic incentives and social values merge to determine how environmental problems and solutions are defined, how risks are assessed and how and why decisions are made. The course examines a range of tools, processes and patterns inherent in public policy responses and covers issues ranging from air and water pollution and toxic and solid waste management to energy use, climate change and biodiversity protection. A combination of lectures, case studies, and field trips will be used. Prerequisite: 161 and 162, or permission of instructor.
SINV
ENST-335
Fall 2018
Analysis and Management of the Aquatic Environment
Strock, Kristin
An interdisciplinary study of the aquatic environment, with a focus on the groundwater and surface waters of the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. This course provides a scientific introduction to the dynamics of rivers, lakes, wetlands, and estuarine systems as well as an appreciation of the complexity of the political and social issues involved in the sustainable use of these aquatic resources. Students conduct an original, cooperative, field-based research project on a local aquatic system that will involve extensive use of analytical laboratory and field equipment. Extended field trips to sample freshwater and estuarine systems and to observe existing resource management practices are conducted. Three hours classroom and four hours laboratory a week. Prerequisite: 162. Generally offered in the fall in a two-year alternating sequence with 340.
SCON
ENST-350
Fall 2018
Environmental Health
Arashiro, Maiko
This course will focus on the impact of humans on the natural environment and its consequences to human health. Interdependency of humans and the natural environment will be explored through a broad range of environmental topics including air pollution, water pollution, pesticide usage, solid waste management, and climate change. Students will learn how to assess the human health risks associated with each of the topic areas while focusing on the unique local and global challenges of protecting human health. This course includes a laboratory which will supplement lecture material while focusing on the measurements of local environmental toxicants and its applications to risk assessment. Prerequisite: 161 and 162 or CHEM 131 or permission of instructor.
SINV
ENST-370
Fall 2018
Environment and Society
Beevers, Michael
STAFF, ENST
Society defines how collections of humans are organized around shared bonds including cultures, contexts, or identities. Margaret Mead famously warned, “we won’t have a society if we destroy the environment.” Drawing from social science methods, this class highlights how societies are intimately dependent on natural resources, and how human actions alter the environment. Students will examine how collections of humans experience, use, and change the environment. The class will discuss the social construction and production of the environment, understand structures of power, and learn about social change at the local and national scales.
SINV
ENST-406
Fall 2018
Contrarian Views within Environmental Studies & Environmental Science
Pedersen, Brian
The academic field of environmental studies, including environmental science, is relatively new. But the field is sufficiently established to have a recognizable set of experts. As with the water in a river, most of these experts are in the mainstream of environmental studies; they have similar perspectives on environmental challenges. But some experts, while sharing the mainstream’s concerns about the state of human-environment interactions, have perspectives on environmental challenges that are outside of the mainstream. A third group of experts hold views that are in opposition to the first two groups. This latter group is, in effect, flowing counter to most experts in environmental studies. This seminar is concerned with the “contrarians”, those experts who are outside the mainstream, whether flowing with and against the mainstream. What are the views of these contrarians? On what ideas, information, and principles are their views founded? What are the merits and utility of the contrarian’s views? What are the consequences of their views? The seminar will be organized as a semester-long project. We will search for environmental studies’ contrarians and then characterize and analyze their perspectives. We will organize and present this work in a form that is publicly-accessible and that will be useful to a wide range of audiences. Students in the seminar will be responsible for defining the project’s scope, planning the work, and carrying the project to completion. The work of the seminar will be done as individuals, small groups, and the entire class. Students will be able to focus some of their contributions to the project within their own areas of interest. Individual students’ contributions will be evaluated based primarily on portfolios of their work.
SCON
ENST-406
Fall 2018
Environmental Disaster
Arashiro, Maiko
A keystone seminar designed to integrate and apply students' past coursework, internships, and other educational experiences, and to provide a basis for future professional and academic endeavors. The course format varies depending on faculty and student interests, and scholarly concerns in the field. Course components may include developing written and oral presentations, reading and discussing primary literature, and defining and performing individual or group research. Students in this course will be particularly responsible for acquiring and disseminating knowledge. This course is not equivalent to an independent study or independent research course. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the instructor. Normally offered in Spring semester.
SCON

Earth Sciences

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ERSC-141
Fall 2018
Earth's Hazards
Hayes, Jorden
This course examines natural processes such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, mass wasting events, and floods that have the potential to produce disastrous consequences for humans. All of these processes result from interactions between the atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere and hydrosphere directly or indirectly, which is the realm of earth sciences. Increasing global populations and increasingly interdependent national economies mean that few disasters are now only ‘local’. This course will use examples such as case studies of recent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions to examine how natural processes can be hazardous, and whether or not humans can anticipate and mitigate these kinds of hazards to prevent future disasters. Laboratory work will include analog experiments, field trips, and video analysis of historic disasters. Three hours classroom and three hours laboratory a week.
SINV
ERSC-151
Fall 2018
Foundations of Earth Sciences
Sak, Peter
How do mountains and oceans form? Why do the positions of continents shift? Can rocks bend or flow? What is the history of life on our planet? This course explores the materials that make up the Earth and the processes that shape it, both at and below the surface. Students will take field trips around the Carlisle area as well as complete analytical and computer laboratory activities in order to acquire basic field, laboratory, and computer modelling skills. This course serves as a gateway to the Earth Sciences major, but is also appropriate for non-majors. Three hours of lecture and three hours of lab per week.
SCON
ERSC-202
Fall 2018
Energy Resources
Key, Marcus
The study of the origin, geologic occurrence, and distribution of petroleum, natural gas, coal, and uranium. Discussions include the evaluation and exploitation, economics, law, and the environmental impact of these resources and their alternatives, including geothermal, wind, solar, tidal, and ocean thermal power. Prerequisites: One introductory lab science or permission of instructor. Offered every other year.
SCON
ERSC-218
Fall 2018
Geographic Information Systems
Beevers, Michael
STAFF, ENST
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful technology for managing, analyzing, and visualizing spatial data and geographically-referenced information. It is used in a wide variety of fields including archaeology, agriculture, business, defense and intelligence, education, government, health care, natural resource management, public safety, transportation, and utility management. This course provides a fundamental foundation of theoretical and applied skills in GIS technology that will enable students to investigate and make reasoned decisions regarding spatial issues. Utilizing GIS software applications from Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), students work on a progression of tasks and assignments focused on GIS data collection, manipulation, analysis, output and presentation. The course will culminate in a final, independent project in which the students design and prepare a GIS analysis application of their own choosing. Three hours of classroom and three hours of laboratory per week. This course is cross-listed as ENST 218 and ARCH 218.
SINV
ERSC-307
Fall 2018
Paleontology
Key, Marcus
A systematic study of the invertebrate and vertebrate fossil groups, plants, and their evolution and relationships to living forms. Three hours classroom and three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisite: 141, 142, or 151 or any 100-level BIOL course. This course is cross-listed as BIOL 401.
SCON
ERSC-331
Fall 2018
Geochemistry
Thibodeau, Alyson
An introduction to the origin, distribution, and behavior of elements in the geochemical cycles and processes of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Topics include the chemistry of magma, hydrothermal fluids, weathering, fresh and ocean waters, sediment digenesis, hydrocarbons, and metamorphism. Includes radiometric dating and stable isotope applications. Lab will focus on sampling, instrumental analysis, and data interpretation of earth materials. Prerequisites: 151 and CHEM 131 or 141, or permission of instructor. Offered every other year.
SCON

Food Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
FDST-201
Fall 2018
Introduction to Food Studies
Pawley, Emily
This course introduces students to Food Studies, an interdisciplinary field that examines food through biological, cultural, ecological, economic, and other perspectives. We will treat questions of hunger, food production/procurement, inequality, ecology, food labor, health, including psychology, and the diversity of ethical, cultural, and spiritual meanings regarding food. The course will include opportunities for students to engage in active observation, experimentation, and hands-on learning through community partnerships and the College Farm. Students will encounter reading/viewing assignments from a wide range of disciplines. This course will also be open to students who do not intend to complete the Food Studies certificate but would simply like an interdisciplinary understanding of the workings of food.
SINV

French

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
FREN-240
Fall 2018
Food, France, and Cultural Identity
Soldin, Adeline
This course aims to examine the past, present and future of French food culture and systems through a multitude of lenses, including gender, race, class, and sustainability. This course will investigate France’s epicurean traditions and agricultural systems to understand the complex relationships among gastronomic practices, food and farming industries, and French identity. An inquiry of this type must certainly consider numerous questions relating to sustainability: the sustainability and/or development of traditions, values, systems, and resources. Moreover, students will be asked to reflect on their own culinary customs as well as the agro-business systems of their native countries and the globalized world. Through intercultural analysis, students will learn more about how a region’s culinary habits and ideologies relate to and affect environmental and health concerns of its inhabitants.
SCON

History

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
HIST-131
Fall 2018
Modern Latin American History since 1800
Borges, Marcelo
Introduction to Latin American history since independence and the consolidation of national states to the recent past. Students explore social, economic, and political developments from a regional perspective as well as specific national examples. This course is cross-listed as LALC 231.
SCON
HIST-170
Fall 2018
African Civilizations to 1850
Ball, Jeremy
This course provides an overview to the political, social, and ecological history of Africa. We will examine the peopling of the continent, the origins of agriculture, the growth of towns and the development of metal technology. Written sources before the 1400s are almost nonexistent for most of Africa, and so we will use archaeological and linguistic sources. The geographic focus of the course will be the Middle Nile, Aksum in Ethiopia, the Sudanic states in West Africa, Kongo in Central Africa, the Swahili states of the East African coast, and Zimbabwe and KwaZulu in Southern Africa. We will also examine the Atlantic Slave Trade and the colonization of the Cape of Good Hope.This course is cross-listed as AFST 170.
SCON
HIST-215
Fall 2018
Modern N. Africa from French Invasion to Arab Spring
Commins, David
Hendrickson, Burleigh
In spite of its unique geographic position as a trade hub and a bridge between the cultures of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, North Africa (the “Maghreb”) has long been overlooked in narratives of world history. From the establishment of French colonialism to the Arab Spring, the centralization of power and the power of revolt have played critical roles in defining the cultures, politics, and histories of the modern Maghreb. Using “authority” and “resistance” as organizing themes, this course explores the complex issues of multiculturalism, nationalism, and state-society relations in this dynamic region.
SCON

Intl Business & Management

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
INBM-100
Fall 2018
Fundamentals of Business
Riccio, Steven
Ritchey, Sherry
Takacs, C Helen
This course features an introductory focus on a wide range of business subjects including the following: business in a global environment; forms of business ownership including small businesses, partnerships, multinational and domestic corporations, joint ventures, and franchises; management decision making; ethics; marketing; accounting; management information systems; human resources; finance; business law; taxation; uses of the internet in business; and how all of the above are integrated into running a successful business. You will learn how a company gets ideas, develops products, raises money, makes its products, sells them and accounts for the money earned and spent. This course will not fulfill a distribution requirement.
SCON
INBM-200
Fall 2018
Global Economy
Fratantuono, Michael
Concentration upon strategies pursued by nation states in their interaction with international business enterprises and nongovernmental organizations. Students will work from an interdisciplinary perspective, with case studies of episodes in U.S. economic history and of selected countries from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. To facilitate their analysis, students will study concepts drawn from trade theory, commercial and industrial policy, balance of payments accounting, exchange rate determination, and open-economy macroeconomics. As such, the course will draw heavily from the introductory economics courses. This approach will help develop an appreciation for the complex environment in which both political leaders and corporate managers operate. Prerequisite: ECON 111 and 112; concurrent enrollment in ECON 112 by permission of the instructor. This course is cross-listed as INST 200.
SCON
INBM-240
Fall 2018
Marketing in a Global Context
Ritchey, Sherry
The primary objective of this course is to identify how companies identify and satisfy their customers' needs. Not only are the "4p's of marketing" covered (product, price, promotional programs like advertising and public relations, and place or distribution), but working with a specific semester-long case, you will learn how to manage an integrated marketing program. We will also examine other important aspects of marketing: market research, new product development, consumer behavior, ethics, competitive analysis and strategic planning, and marketing internationally and on the Internet. Field trips and videos are used to reinforce the ideas presented in the classroom. Prerequisite: 100 or permission of the instructor. 110 is recommended but not required.
SCON
INBM-300
Fall 2018
Applied Business Ethics
Riccio, Steven
This course is designed for International Business and Management majors (but applicable to all students) who will inevitably encounter the ethical interface of business through a multitude of stakeholders. The course will focus on the contemporary realities of business people who must work in culturally diverse arenas when resolving personal and socially ethical questions. As future employees and managers, students must be aware of the possible results of their actions (as well as others) and understand that sometimes fine ethical balance is required in reconciling the needs of the enterprise, the demands of business practice, and their own personal lens. The course will be conducted primarily through class discussion, case analysis, as well as individual and small group exercises.
SCON
INBM-300
Fall 2018
Global Supply Chain Mgmt
Broomer, Kenneth
The course is an Introduction to managing global supply chains and operations within the context of an integrated value chain. The class presents a framework in today’s global business environment to provide a competitive advantage resulting in increased revenue and improved profitability. Topics include global strategies for procurement and supply chain management, total cost of ownership, insourcing vs. outsourcing, total quality management, inventory management, distribution and logistics management, design engineering management, global organizational considerations, negotiations, key metrics of supply chain performance, and legal and ethical considerations.
SCON

International Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
INST-170
Fall 2018
International Relations
Nation, Robert
An introduction to global politics which examines the interaction of states, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and individuals in the world arena. Topics covered include traditional concerns such as war, balance of power, the UN and international law along with the more recent additions to the agenda of world politics such as international terrorism, human rights, and economic globalization. This course is cross-listed as POSC 170.
SCON
INST-200
Fall 2018
Global Economy
Fratantuono, Michael
Concentration upon strategies pursued by nation states in their interaction with international business enterprises and nongovernmental organizations. Students will work from an interdisciplinary perspective, with case studies of episodes in U.S. economic history and of selected countries from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. To facilitate their analysis, students will study concepts drawn from trade theory, commercial and industrial policy, balance of payments accounting, exchange rate determination, and open-economy macroeconomics. As such, the course will draw heavily from the introductory economics courses. This approach will help develop an appreciation for the complex environment in which both political leaders and corporate managers operate. Prerequisite: ECON 111 and 112; concurrent enrollment in ECON 112 by permission of the instructor. This course is cross-listed as INBM 200.
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INST-290
Fall 2018
Gender and Development
Kongar, Mesude
This course examines the gender dimensions of economic development and globalization from the perspective of feminist economics. This perspective implies foregrounding labor, broadly defined to include paid and unpaid work, and examining gender differences in work, access to resources, and wellbeing outcomes, and how these are affected by macroeconomic policies and how gender inequalities are relevant for societal wellbeing. Since the early 1980’s economic globalization has been achieved on the basis of a common set of macroeconomic policies pursued in industrial and developing countries alike. These policies frame both the gender-differentiated impacts of policy and the initiatives that are implemented to reduce inequalities between men and women. The main objective of the course is to examine the impact of these policies on men and women in the global South (a.k.a. developing countries/Third World) on gender inequalities and to evaluate the policies/strategies for reducing gender inequalities and promoting the well-being of all people. The pursuit of these objectives will entail first a brief examination of the central tenets of feminist economics and an historical overview of the policy-oriented field of gender and development. Gender-differentiated statistics will be reviewed as they pertain to the topics under discussion.
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Italian

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
ITAL-201
Fall 2018
Intermediate Italian
Dolasinski, Lisa
Lanzilotta, Luca
Intensive introduction to conversation and composition, with special attention to grammar review and refinement. Essays, fiction and theater, as well as Italian television and films, provide opportunities to improve familiarity with contemporary Italian language and civilization. Prerequisite: 102 or the equivalent. This course fulfills the language graduation requirement.
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Lat Am/Latino/Caribbean Stdies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
LALC-231
Fall 2018
Modern Latin American History since 1800
Borges, Marcelo
Introduction to Latin American history since independence and the consolidation of national states to the recent past. Students explore social, economic, and political developments from a regional perspective as well as specific national examples. This course is cross-listed as HIST 131.
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Middle East Studies

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
MEST-200
Fall 2018
Modern N. Africa from French Invasion to Arab Spring
Commins, David
Hendrickson, Burleigh
In spite of its unique geographic position as a trade hub and a bridge between the cultures of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, North Africa (the “Maghreb”) has long been overlooked in narratives of world history. From the establishment of French colonialism to the Arab Spring, the centralization of power and the power of revolt have played critical roles in defining the cultures, politics, and histories of the modern Maghreb. Using “authority” and “resistance” as organizing themes, this course explores the complex issues of multiculturalism, nationalism, and state-society relations in this dynamic region.
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Political Science

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
POSC-170
Fall 2018
International Relations
Nation, Robert
An introduction to global politics which examines the interaction of states, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and individuals in the world arena. Topics covered include traditional concerns such as war, balance of power, the UN and international law along with the more recent additions to the agenda of world politics such as international terrorism, human rights, and economic globalization. This course is cross-listed as INST 170.
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POSC-204
Fall 2018
Competing Political Ideologies
Reiner, Jason
This class surveys the major ideologies that compete for political support in Western societies, such as liberalism, conservatism, and socialism, as well as radical alternatives (anarchism and fascism), and new perspectives such as feminism and ecologism/environmentalism. We will also examine the nature of ideology, and whether it is possible to develop a neutral, non-ideological perspective on politics. Prerequisite: 180, or permission of the instructor.
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Religion

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
RELG-110
Fall 2018
Religion and Modern Culture
Cozort, Daniel
Vann, Jodie
Drawing upon popular examples from film, drama, and narrative, as well as critical essays, the course explores both the religious dimensions of modern culture myth, sacred space and time, nature spirituality and the cultural contexts of contemporary theologies gender, race, economics.
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RELG-228
Fall 2018
Religion: Conflict, Violence and Peacemaking
Karegeye, Jean-Pierre
This course will examine the nexus of conflict/violence and religious belief in an attempt to understand the confusing array of contemporary conflicts in which multiple sides claim divine authority for their actions. Offered every two years.
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RELG-311
Fall 2018
Buddhism and the Environment
Cozort, Daniel
Although protection of the environment is not a Buddhist goal per se, it is involved in the quest for enlightenment. The course will apply the Buddhist perspective to questions about the relations between humans and the rest of nature, to specific environmental problems, to the tradeoffs between human good and protection of other species, and to consumption and consumerism. Offered every two years
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Soc Innovation/Entrepreneurshp

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
SINE-400
Fall 2018
Senior Seminar in Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Takacs, C Helen
This capstone course builds on and integrates the key concepts of the introductory course in this certificate program by requiring students to reflect on, synthesize, and apply knowledge gained through their academic programs and experiential learning experiences. The focus will be on creating shared value, which simultaneously enriches social, ecological, and economic systems. Through exercises in strategy formulation and implementation, students will gain an appreciation for the challenges and rewards associated with conceiving and transforming innovative solutions into new products, services, and/or initiatives that change our world in meaningful ways. In imagining these pathways for success, we will also address the importance of compassionate leadership, tools that nurture vital social connections, and the power of our own agency.offered every fall.
SINV

Sociology

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
SOCI-230
Fall 2018
Religion: Conflict, Violence and Peacemaking
Karegeye, Jean-Pierre
This course will examine the nexus of conflict/violence and religious belief in an attempt to understand the confusing array of contemporary conflicts in which multiple sides claim divine authority for their actions.
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SOCI-313
Fall 2018
Building Sustainable Communities
Leary, Cornelius
Many communities are embracing sustainability as a goal of community development, giving weight to social equity, economic security and ecological integrity as they work to build the capacity of their residents to improve the quality of their lives. In this practicum course we will explore different visions for and characteristics of sustainable and resilient communities, examine approaches to sustainable community development and learn about Carlisle as a case study. Student learning will be reinforced through a semester-long community-based team research project that brings students, instructor and community partners together to address a community development issue of concern to members of the Carlisle community.
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Spanish

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
SPAN-239
Fall 2018
Spanish for the Health Professions
Arnedo-Aldrich, Asuncion
This is a specialized course emphasizing Spanish language and culture as they relate to health and medicine. The course goal is written and oral communication and cultural fluency as they relate to Global Health Care, Food Security, Immigration, and the delivery of health-care services to Limited-English-Proficient, Hispanic patients. Off-campus volunteer work with native Spanish speakers is required. Prerequisite: 202 or above, or permission of instructor. This course is cross-listed as LALC 239.
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Sustainability

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
SUST-301
Fall 2018
Building Sustainable Communities
Leary, Cornelius
Many communities are embracing sustainability as a goal of community development, giving weight to social equity, economic security and ecological integrity as they work to build the capacity of their residents to improve the quality of their lives. In this practicum course we will explore different visions for and characteristics of sustainable and resilient communities, examine approaches to sustainable community development and learn about Carlisle as a case study. Student learning will be reinforced through a semester-long community-based team research project that brings students, instructor and community partners together to address a community development issue of concern to members of the Carlisle community.
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Women's, Gender & Sexuality St

Course Number/Term Title/Instructor/Description Designation
WGSS-100
Fall 2018
Introduction to Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies
Jafri, Beenash
This course offers an introduction to central concepts, questions and debates in gender and sexuality studies from US, Women of Color, queer and transnational perspectives. Throughout the semester we will explore the construction and maintenance of norms governing sex, gender, and sexuality, with an emphasis on how opportunity and inequality operate through categories of race, ethnicity, class, ability and nationality. After an introduction to some of the main concepts guiding scholarship in the field of feminist studies (the centrality of difference; social and political constructions of gender and sex; representation; privilege and power; intersectionality; globalization; transnationalism), we will consider how power inequalities attached to interlocking categories of difference shape key feminist areas of inquiry, including questions of: work, resource allocation, sexuality, queerness, reproduction, marriage, gendered violence, militarization, consumerism, resistance and community sustainability.
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WGSS-202
Fall 2018
Native American Women and Feminisms
Dragone, Nicholle
This course will explore the contemporary trends in the study of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawai’ian Women by addressing the following questions: What is the usefulness of gender as a category of analysis? How have Native women been situated in scholarship on women and gender? How are Native women situated within tribal traditions? How are women’s and gender roles structured, traditionally, within Native societies? In the wake of settler colonialism in North America, how have women’s (and gender) roles remained the same, how have they changed? What are the current configurations of gender identity in Native communities, including two-spirit and multiple genders? Throughout the semester students will be introduced to Native and Indigenous feminisms (theory and praxis). We will look at the historic relationship between Native women and the early leaders of Women’s Rights in the U.S. We will explore Native women’s storytelling as sites of knowledge production and activism. We will study material culture – photography, archival records, and art – and discuss how to recognize Native women’s presence in the archives. To this end, we will take advantage of art exhibits/lectures at the Trout Gallery, and of the Carlisle Indian School’s archival materials -- digitized and physical – housed at Dickinson College and the Cumberland County Historical Society.
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WGSS-202
Fall 2018
Reproductive Justice
Oliviero, Kathryn
How can the “choice” in “prochoice” become real for women with a range of abilities, ethnicities, economic backgrounds or gender and sexual identifications? What does it look like to not only provide affordable access to birth control and abortion, but to also create the political conditions that enable people to choose to have children in an environment where both will thrive, rather than just survive? Creating these political conditions requires reproductive justice: a global social movement strategy and human rights platform that places reproductive power in the context of the larger social, racial and economic well-being of women, communities and families (Ross 2011). This course explores the origins and applications of reproductive justice. It investigates how the reproductive lives of many people, particularly women of color, are embedded in embattled legal, social, economic, racial and national frameworks that shape their capacity to control their intimate and procreative lives. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the course first maps reproductive justice’s origins, exploring: political philosophies of sexual and reproductive liberty; racialized and disability-based histories of eugenics, population control, and adoption; the black women’s health movement; birth control and abortion law; social welfare and healthcare politics; the reproductive politics of incarceration and state violence; disability and prenatal testing; and the transnational and LGBTQ applications of assisted reproductive technologies. The course will subsequently explore how reproductive justice platforms can enable diverse people to thrive: making the decision to prevent, terminate or have a pregnancy a real choice. It will assess the conditions that enable access to quality health care, economic security, racial justice, women’s equality, transgender and queer rights, environmental sustainability, disability justice, sexual autonomy, and community vitality.
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WGSS-301
Fall 2018
Immigration Politics: Gender, Race and Sexuality in Contemporary Migration
Oliviero, Kathryn
Why do global controversies over immigration so often center on migrant women’s fertility and their children’s access to government benefits? Why do some countries accept LGBT migrants but deny them the right to adopt, use assisted reproductive technologies, or extend citizenship to their children? How are efforts to limit marriage-and-family based migration racialized and classed? What are the gendered implications when nurses are a country’s central export? Could building a border wall or sending refugees back stop unwanted immigration? This course examines how intersecting gender, sexual and ethnic hierarchies shape and are shaped by immigration. Applying insights from feminist and queer theories of migration, students will explore how the gendered processes surrounding immigration craft concepts of nation, borders and citizenship. Readings and films examine how sexual and racial norms are renegotiated through the selection and regulation of immigrants. Central to our investigation is how transnational and economic forces compel migration, reshaping understandings of national belonging, workplaces, and family in the process. We will particularly consider how migrants negotiate multiple marginalizations, and in turn refashion understandings of community, identities, culture, and politics. An interdisciplinary framework combines media, law, activist, film, literary and historical accounts.
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WGSS-302
Fall 2018
Gender and Development
Kongar, Mesude
This course examines the gender dimensions of economic development and globalization from the perspective of feminist economics. This perspective implies foregrounding labor, broadly defined to include paid and unpaid work, and examining gender differences in work, access to resources, and wellbeing outcomes, and how these are affected by macroeconomic policies and how gender inequalities are relevant for societal wellbeing. Since the early 1980’s economic globalization has been achieved on the basis of a common set of macroeconomic policies pursued in industrial and developing countries alike. These policies frame both the gender-differentiated impacts of policy and the initiatives that are implemented to reduce inequalities between men and women. The main objective of the course is to examine the impact of these policies on men and women in the global South (a.k.a. developing countries/Third World) on gender inequalities and to evaluate the policies/strategies for reducing gender inequalities and promoting the well-being of all people. The pursuit of these objectives will entail first a brief examination of the central tenets of feminist economics and an historical overview of the policy-oriented field of gender and development. Gender-differentiated statistics will be reviewed as they pertain to the topics under discussion.
SCON