Students in Archaeology at Dickinson receive a solid grounding in methods and theory, learn important laboratory skills, and gain valuable field experience by participating in summer excavations. The Archaeology program boasts two fully equipped archaeological laboratories. The Keck archaeology laboratory includes a full scale training trench, a digital slide library, and several digital projects applying Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveys and Geographical Information System (GIS) technology. The Environmental Archaeological Laboratory includes microscopes with digital imaging capabilities as well as the facilities for analysis of archaeological plant remains. Students majoring in Archaeology are also introduced to paleoanthropology and the analysis of human skeletal materials in the Keck biological anthropology laboratory. All students complete an archeological field experience requirement; opportunities for fieldwork with department faculty exist in Greece and South America, and outside programs for fieldwork, laboratory work, and museum experience are also available.

Potential majors and advisors of first-year students should note that the study of Archeology at Dickinson is strongly interdisciplinary. Students can earn credit toward the Archaeology major in courses in the programs of Anthropology, Art and Art History, Classical Studies, and Earth Sciences. Many students in Archeology also choose to pursue additional majors in these and other fields.

Courses appropriate for prospective majors

Students may explore their interest in Archaeology by selecting any of the 100 or 200 level courses, which may be taken as the "first course" in the field. Students should expect greater depth and analysis of topics through reading, writing, and discussion in the 200-level courses. Students intending to major in Archaeology should register for ARCH 110, Archeology and World Prehistory, as a general introduction to the field, and/or one of the following area-specific courses:

ARCH 120, Greek Art and Archeology
ARCH 140, Egyptian Art and Archaeology
ARCH 150, Near Eastern Art and Archaeology
ARCH 210, Prehistoric Aegean Art and Archeology
ARCH 262, South American Archaeology

For course descriptions and requirements for the major, refer to the Academic Bulletin: Archaeology. Additional course descriptions are available at Anthropology or Classical Studies

Courses that fulfill distribution requirements

Arts (Division I C):
ARCH 140, Egyptian Art and Archaeology
ARCH 200, Special Topics in Archaeology (when appropriate)
ARCH 210, Prehistoric Aegean Art and Archaeology

Social Sciences (Division II):
ARCH 110, Archaeology and World Prehistory
ARCH 260, Environmental Archaeology
ARCH 262, South American Archaeology

Global Diversity:
ARCH 110, Archaeology and World Prehistory
ARCH 140, Egyptian Art and Archeology
ARCH 262, South American Archeology.

Suggested curricular flow through the major

The Archeology major is designed to introduce students to archeological methods and theories used by archeologists across the globe and to help students gain greater, more in-depth experience in one of two areas. Students who choose to pursue Area A of the major focus on the Mediterranean and Classical Archaeology. Students who choose to pursue Area B of the major focus on Anthropological Archaeology of the Americas and other world regions as well as Environmental Archaeology. Students are encouraged to explore both areas of study in coursework and in field experiences.

These guidelines suggest courses to take each year rather than specifying a required sequence. Students can tailor these guidelines to their circumstances in discussions with an Archaeology faculty member.

First Year
ARCH 110, Archaeology and World Prehistory
Any 100- or 200- level course in Areas A or B: refer to the Academic Bulletin: Archaeology
ANTH 100, Introduction to Biological Anthropology, or ERSC 141, Earth's Hazards, or ERSC 142, Earth's Changing Climate

Sophomore Year
ARCH 110, Archaeology and World Prehistory (if not taken in First Year)
ARCH electives within chosen Area A or Area B Concentration: refer to the Academic Bulletin: Archaeology
ARCH 290: Archaeological Methods
ANTH 100, Introduction to Biological Anthropology, or ERSC 141, Earth's Hazards, or ERSC 142, Earth's Changing Climate
Summer Field/Lab Experience

Junior Year
ARCH electives within Area A or Area B: refer to the Academic Bulletin: Archaeology
ARCH 300, Archaeological Theory and Interpretation
Study Abroad (one or two semesters) can fulfill electives for Area A or Area B, with departmental approval

Senior Year
Complete ARCH electives within Area A or Area B: refer to the Academic Bulletin: Archaeology
ARCH 390, Advanced Studies in Archaeology



Honors may be granted in Archaeology for a two-semester project that results in a well-researched, sophisticated, finely crafted thesis within the range of sixty to one hundred pages. Students are self-selected but acceptance as an Honors candidate is based on the judgment of the department faculty and their assessment of the student's academic ability and potential for successfully completing the project. They will work closely with one advisor but will receive guidance and resources from other members of the department. Only the best projects will be granted Honors, but any student who completes the project will receive credit for the two semesters of independent study.

Independent study and independent research

Independent studies are available. Any independent study must involve an interdisciplinary research topic in Archaeology. No more than two independent studies may be counted toward the major. Topic proposal and program of work must be approved by the instructor.

Independent research leading to Honors in the Major or student/faculty collaborative research may be undertaken with one of the contributing departments.

Opportunities for off-campus study

Field experience in archaeology is an important component of the Archaeology major/minor; students are trained in the techniques and methods of field archaeology and provided with invaluable hands-on experience. All students are encouraged to spend part of at least one summer at an excavation or survey, either in the United States or abroad. Students have the opportunity to participate every summer in the archaeological survey, excavation, and Museum research at Mycenae, Greece (D.E.P.A.S. project, headed by Prof. Maggidis, Assistant to the Director of Mycenae). The Department of Anthropology offers regularly a summer field course in Tanzania, Africa; students may also participate in other excavations in the region, such as the Cloisters, Ephrata, PA (State Museum of Harrisburg on City Island).

Students are also encouraged to pursue Museum internships offered at the Trout Gallery by the Department of Art & Art History, research internships and training (digital research projects) at the J. Roberts Dickinson Archaeology Lab, or Museum/lab summer research at Mycenae, Greece.

The Department of Classical Studies also offers four-week travel opportunities in Italy and Greece; other opportunities are also available, including Durham University (Department of Archaeology), the Intercollegiate Center in Rome and the College Year in Athens. Contact the department chair for further information.

Ancient & Modern Foreign Languages

At least two semesters of Latin or ancient Greek are required for those choosing the Classical Art and Archaeology area emphasis. Recommended modern foreign languages include any of the following: German, French, Modern Greek, or Italian. Four semester courses of a recommended ancient or modern foreign language may be counted collectively as one (maximum allowed) of the four elective courses toward the Archaeology Major.

Additional Remarks

Excavation opportunities:  Dickinson students have excavation opportunities in the summers under the supervision of Professor Christofilis Maggidis, the Assistant Director of the Mycenae Project site in Greece; students should complete ARCH 300 and MGRE 107 Modern Greek before this summer fieldwork. Some students participate with Professor Maria Bruno on archaeological fieldwork in South America. A range of other archaeological field schools, laboratory opportunities, and museum experiences are available, with a focus on particular types of analysis, such as bioarchaeology or geoarchaeology. Professor Bruno can provide assistance in identifying the best match for each student.