Definitions of Bias Education Terms

Restorative Justice

Restorative justice is a practice designed to explore the harm caused by an offense that focuses on accountability, trust, repairing harm, and inclusive decision-making.

Four Principles

1-Inclusive decision-making: Inviting offenders to voice their ideas about how to repair the harm and asking victims and affected community members to articulate the harms they experienced and what needs they have—inciting them all to play a central role in creating a sanctioning agreement.

2-Active accountability: Offenders must take active responsibility for their transgressions.

3-Repairing harm: “How can the victim and the community be repaired?” The goal is to do what can be done to undo the damage and return the community to a state of well-being.

4-Rebuilding trust: Restorative justice seeks to rebuild relationships between distrusting parties because it is necessary for a stable community and often for the well-being of the victim (9-14).

Positive outcomes

  • Restorative Justice is a research-based evidence-proven strategy that presents a rich opportunity for training and knowledge for college personnel.
  • Restorative Justice reduces recidivism rates and brings closure to incidents.

Source: Karp, David R. 2013. The Little Book of Restorative Justice for Colleges and Universities. Intercourse, PA: Good Books.

Other resources:

Institute for Restorative Practices

Centre for Justice & Reconciliation

Additional Terms, Definitions, and Related Resources