Respect for ideas—our own and others’—is a hallmark of academic integrity. We show respect by acknowledging when we have used another’s words or ideas in our work. We expect others to acknowledge when they use our ideas or words in their work. Students are expected to do their own work on quizzes, papers, examinations, class assignments, etc. Normally, a paper may be submitted in fulfillment of an assignment in only one course. Exceptions require permission from the instructors. Collaboration must be noted in writing and requires the consent of all instructors. Any of the following are considered cheating and are considered academic misconduct (this list is illustrative and not intended to be exhaustive):
Cheating: Cheating involves deception or the provision or receipt of unauthorized assistance. Students are expected neither to receive nor to provide unauthorized assistance with academic work. Cheating may take many forms including plagiarism. The examples below are illustrative but not exhaustive:
- Copying from another person's work or answers.
- Referring to and using prohibited materials in the preparation for assignments or the taking of examinations or quizzes.
- Obtaining and using a copy of the examination or answers to an examination without the knowledge of the instructor.
- Collaborating on assignments or examinations unless such collaboration has been permitted.
- Submitting the same paper or assignment in two courses without permission of both professors. Using substantive sections of an assignment or paper completed for another course also requires permission of both instructors.
- Assisting another to do any of the above or to cheat in a similar manner.
- Using online translators to complete assignments, quizzes or examinations in a language course.
- Plagiarism: Plagiarism may take a number of forms but to plagiarize is to use without proper citation or acknowledgment the words, ideas, or work of another.
The most serious degree of plagiarism involves the wholesale and deceptive borrowing of written material from sources such as published authors, websites, other students, or paper-for-hire services. Students who submit papers or significant sections of papers that they did not write themselves are committing this type of violation.
Another serious degree of plagiarism involves less wholesale but still repeated and inappropriate borrowing from outside sources. In some of these situations, students borrow several phrases or sentences from others, and do so without both quotation marks and proper attributions. In other situations, students secretly collaborate on assignments in defiance of specific prohibitions outlined by their instructor.
Finally, there is a degree of plagiarism that involves the borrowing of specific words or phrases without quotation marks. In such situations, citations may be present, but they are inadequate. This problem most commonly occurs when students paraphrase sources by attempting to change a few words in a sentence or brief series of sentences. It can also occur when students rely too heavily on parents or friends for ideas or phrases which they mistakenly claim as their own.
Students can avoid plagiarism by following some very simple advice:
- Always provide clear and accurate citations for the sources that inform your work. This is an admonition that goes to the heart of your academic responsibility.
- Remember that almost all quotations and statistics require citations. Specific facts and ideas borrowed from others, even if expressed in your own words, also require citations.
- Summaries of an author’s argument require citations. It is true that matters of general knowledge do not usually require citations, but when in doubt, students should provide citations for them.
- Students who rely on parents, friends or others for specific contributions to their work should acknowledge this indebtedness in a citation.
- Understand that paraphrasing means to summarize in your own words. The surest way to avoid plagiarism when summarizing is to write with sources and notes closed. If you cannot explain what an author argued from memory, then you probably do not understand it well enough to paraphrase.
Falsifying/Forging Academic Documents: Falsifying or forging documents involves the unauthorized alteration of information provided by the College on records or documents. Falsifying/Forging Academic Documents includes, but is not limited to, the following conduct.
- Altering information on a transcript
- Changing a grade or the comments/markings on a paper, assignment or lab report