Introduction

The Pre-Health Program is administered jointly by the Committee for the Health Professions and the Career Center. Students who are interested in a career in any of the health professions are welcome to be a part of the program.  First-Year students who have expressed an interest in a health-related career receive an invitation to attend an informational meeting that will be held at the beginning of the academic year. By attending this meeting, interested students will be invited to attend three of five group advising sessions.  Students other than First-Years who are interested in pursuing a health career should contact Barb Redding (redding@dickinson.edu) in the Career Center to schedule a meeting with a Pre-Health Professions Advisor for an orientation session.

To enter the Pre-Health Program, first-year students are required to attend a minimum of three meetings from a series of group advising sessions offered during the fall and early spring semesters.  As a part of that process, students planning to participate in the program will need to provide the following registration materials by the beginning of the spring semester: 1) a completed Pre-Health Program Registration Form,  2) an essay that details one's interest in pursuing a healthcare career and what one hopes to do, or how one plans to explore various fields during their time at Dickinson, and 3) a report that summarizes a list of prerequisite courses for at least one medical school or allied health program that one might be interested in attending following graduation. 

Once these materials are received, the only requirement to stay in the Pre-Health Program is for the student to take the relevant pre-requisite courses and to maintain contact with his/her Pre-Health advisor each semester.

Committee for the Health Professions: After completing the entry process, each student is assigned to one of the faculty members serving on the committee.  This committee member will advise the student on course requirements and will draft the committee letter of recommendation when the student applies to professional schools. 

 

Recommended Courses and Requirements for Minors and Programs

Major Options

It is appropriate for students to pursue any major in order to practice careers in most of the health professions.  While Biology and Biochemistry are the two top majors, it is possible for them to pursue professional school after compliting any major.  It is, however, important for students to discuss or preview individual professional school prerequisites as those may either be less or more extensive than the requirements for the Pre-Health Program discussed here.

Required Courses

These courses serve as matriculation requirements and are the same whether a student is majoring in a science or a non-science major. Individual schools may have additional requirements, so this list should be considered a general guide.

To be considered for a recommendation by the Committee for the Health Professions, students must take seven of the nine lab science courses required by professional schools in at least two of the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.  

Chemistry: 5 courses
CHEM 131, 132 General Chemistry I and II 
CHEM 241, 242 Organic Chemistry I and II 
One course in Biochemistry - CHEM 331, Principles of Biochemistry (no lab) or CHEM 342, Structure and Function of Biomolecules (with lab)

Notes:
Students with appropriate placement may substitute CHEM 141 Accelerated General Chemistry for the CHEM 131/132 sequence resulting in four required courses. In this instance, students should explore whether schools to which they plan to apply require five undergraduate chemistry courses and, if so, the Committee recommends CHEM 244, Thermodynamics and Kinetics, or CHEM 243, Modern Chemical Analysis as the “additional course.”

Chemistry 111 will not satisfy this requirement.

Biology: 2 courses 
Any two introductory courses with laboratory (BIOL 131 and 132) will satisfy this requirement. 

Physics: 2 courses
PHYS 141, 142 Physics for the Life Sciences or 
PHYS 131, 132 General Physics

Notes:
Physics 141 and 142 includes content that has been tailored for students pursuing the life sciences and to help them prepare for professional school and required entrance exams.  Students that have not had calculus may take these courses as they are algebra based. Although Physics 131, 132 is acceptable, some topics on the MCAT exam are not covered in these courses.

Mathematics: 2 courses
Choose two of the following:
MATH 170, Single-variable Calculus
MATH 171, Multivariable Calculus
MATH 121, Elementary Statistics

Notes: Based on placement, students may need to take MATH 151, Intro to Calculus before taking MATH 170. Check early with professional schools of interest for their requirements in this department.

English: 2 courses
Your First-Year Seminar counts as one English composition course, thus an additional literature course is needed (any will do).  Please note that some professional schools will accept a writing in the discipline (WID) course that is not in the sciences or languages. Students should discuss which course or courses may fulfill this requirement with their Pre-Health advisor.

Psychology and Sociology:
Please consult with your Pre-Health Advisor when assigned. An "across the lifespan" perspective of these courses is required for many health programs and content from the social sciences is now included on the MCAT. 

Additional courses:
These courses may prove beneficial to preparation for the health professsions programs:
BIOL 216, Genetics with lab
BIOL 333, Physiology with lab
BIOL 334, Vertebrate Biology with lab

Professional schools may suggest or even require specific courses such as microbiology, cell biology, and comparative anatomy.  It is important that students discuss the importance of including these courses with their pre-health advisors.

Required tests

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT 2015) 
Applicants to medical schools must take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT 2015), The student may be ready to take the exam after completing Biochemistry along with other required courses and studying (including mock testing) for about 500 hours. Students engaging in an exploratory year after graduation may choose to take the test following the senior year.

Dental Admissions Test (DAT) 
Applicants may consider taking this test in the spring of the junior year; however, if engaging in an exploratory year following graduation, the applicant may choose to take the test following the senior year or at any point after graduation.

Graduate Record Examination (GRE) - Veterinary, Nursing, Physician Assistant, DPT
Applicants could take this test after junior year if they are planning to apply for professional school immediately after graduation. If they want to engage in an exploratory year, they can wait until after graduation to take the test.

Tests in other health professions 
Other health professions have similar testing programs. More information is available from the Career Center Pre-Health Professions Advisor.

Admission factors

Six important factors in determining admission to professional school are:

  1. the undergraduate overall grade point average and science grade point average,
  2. the score achieved on the pre-professional exam (MCAT, DAT, GRE),
  3. the letter, or letters, of evaluation from the undergraduate college,
  4.  volunteer and/or work experiences including hands-on patient contact,  research and publications,
  5. the letter, or letters, of evaluation from healthcare or research professionals based on experiential opportunities during a student's time in college, and
  6. the outcome of a personal interview

The relative importance of these factors varies from school to school and from case to case. Generally speaking, an overall academic average of 3.60 or better is needed to be a competitive medical school applicant and overall GPAs of at 3.30 are generally necessary to be a competitive candidate for other professional schools.

Committee for the Health Professions

•    Rebecca Connor - (Chemistry & Biochemistry and Molecular Biology)
•    Jeffrey Forrester - (Mathematics)  [Chair]
•    Tiffany Frey - (Biology)
•    Michael Holden - (Chemistry & Biochemistry and Molecular Biology)
•    Sharon Kingston - (Psychology)
•    Carol Loeffler - (Biology)
•    Meredith Rauhut - (Neuroscience)
•    Charles Zwemer - (Biology & Neuroscience)
•    Debi Swarner - (Career Center/Pre-Health Program - Pre-Health Professions Advisor)