Grants Received 2010-11
Faculty Grant Awards Received
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center – Postdoctoral Fellowship.
$2,717. (Tom Arnold, Biology). “Impacts of Ocean Acidification on
Estuarine Communities of the Mid Chesapeake Bay: Response of Benthic
Species to Free Ocean Carbon Enrichment.” Our oceans have absorbed
nearly half of the 250 billion tons of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere
since the dawn of the industrial revolution (Sabine et al. 2004). Excess
CO2 soaked up by the oceans lowers the pH of seawater and reduces the
availability of dissolved carbonate ions (CO2-3) required by calcifying
organisms to make calcium carbonate (CaCO3) shells and skeletons. We
currently have a poor understanding of how this ocean acidification (OA)
will impact organisms and communities in marine, and, especially,
estuarine systems. To address these challenges, Dr. Arnold has developed
a free-ocean-carbon-enrichment (F.O.C.E.) system capable of mimicking
OA in the field, under otherwise natural conditions. This funding will
support Dr. Arnold’s collaboration with Dr. Whitman Miller at the SERC
to characterize the response of two key estuarine organisms – widgeon
grass (Ruppia maritima) and the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) –
to the high CO2/low pH conditions of OA. Specifically, the F.O.C.E.
system will be deployed in the Severn River, Maryland in order to reduce
seawater pH by ~0.4 units, roughly doubling CO2 levels and halving
CO2-3 concentrations within 10 replicate plots. The resulting data will
improve the understanding of the potential impacts of OA on estuarine
species, benefit submerged aquatic vegetation and oyster restoration
efforts, and advance F.O.C.E. technology.
National Science Foundation – Partnerships for Innovation/Innovation Transfer Network.
$26,400 subaward through Penn State University – Harrisburg.. (Lars
English, Physics) “Development of a Energy Efficient and Versatile
Distributed Illumination System.”
Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh – College Equipment Grant Program.
$5,585. (Sarah St. Angelo, Chemistry) “Purchase of FT-IR Accessory
Kit.” This funding will support the purchase of the FT-IR Accessory Kit.
The kit will allow use of a piece of existing equipment in expanded
sampling modes. These additional sampling modes will make obtaining data
quicker and easier for students. More students should be able to do
analyses in a given lab period. Also, these sampling modes are not
available with our current equipment, so students will have the
opportunity to learn new techniques and faculty can develop new
experiments or analyze new samples in research.
Association of Jewish Studies, Legacy Heritage Project. $11,000
(Andrea Lieber, Judaic Studies. “Sippur: Telling Jewish Stories through
the Arts.” Jews love to tell stories. While this passion for the
narrative arts may have started with the Torah, it certainly didnt stop
there. Our series for 2011‐12 will feature an interdisciplinary mix of
experts to explore the process of Jewish storytelling through the
cultural arts of performance, literature, theatre, music, TV and film.
Events will take place at the Jewish Community Center in Harrisburg, and
will be scheduled to reach a wide variety of audiences (some daytime,
some evenings, some weekends). Sippur has the potential to generate
active interest in Jewish studies in the local Jewish community. In our
previous series, Hazan et Hakol, those programs that had a cultural
dimension were by far the best attended. Based on the very positive
response to our programming from the 2010‐11 year, we have put together a
program that we feel will be well received by the Harrisburg Jewish
community. Sippur, the theme we have selected this year will allow us to
tap into a broader range of scholars contributing to Judaic studies on
Consortium for Ocean Leadership – Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. $19,790.
(Peter Sak, Earth Sciences) “Participation in IODP Leg 334 (CRISP,
Offshore Costa Rica).” With this funding, Associate Professor Sak will
extend the established complex record of vertical tectonism along the
northwest coast of the Osa Peninsula to the marine environment. Prof.
Sak hypothesizes that the arrival of the Cocos Ridge at the Middle
American trench (MAT) is marked by extensive basal erosion recorded as
an episode of pronounced subsidence. The timing and rates of subsidence
should be preserved in the recovered foraminifera assemblages.
Superimposed on this may be smaller amplitude variations in water depth
related to bathymetric variations along the flank of the Cocos Ridge,
similar to what Sak et al. (2004) recognized in the late Pleistocene
stratigraphic section exposed along the northwest coast of the Osa
Peninsula. By extending the record of long-term vertical motion offshore
of the northwest coast of the Osa Peninsula, it will be possible to
constrain the timing of the onset of ridge subduction along the MAT.
Utilizing onshore mapping experience would enable Prof. Sak to combine
the proposed research with existing onshore datasets. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under a cooperative agreement with the Consortium for Ocean Leadership for a U.S. Science Support Program associated with the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program.
National Science Foundation – Research Opportunity Award (ROA). $15,964.
(Brett Pearson, Physics and Astronomy). “Strong Field Coherent Control:
Interpreting Control Dynamics and Measuring Wave Functions.” This award
will support the participation of Brett Pearson in an existing NSF
grant to SUNY-Stonybrook under the direction Dr. Thomas Weinacht.
Dickinson will participate as a subawardee during academic year 2012.
Templeton Foundation, $55,2056,
subcontract to Dickinson through a grant to University of Minnesota
from the Templeton Foundation (Thomas Nadelhoffer, Philosophy
Department) “The Psychology of Free Will: Laypersons’ Beliefs about Free
Will and Behavioral Effects of Altering those Beliefs.” This $300,000
project involves psychologists and philosophers from the University of
Georgia, the University of Minnesota, The University of California-
Santa Barbara, and Dickinson College.
Uncovering how people
think about free will has important philosophical, psychological, and
societal implications. Free will is closely tied to people’s beliefs and
practices regarding personal, moral, and legal responsibility. As such,
understanding laypersons’ beliefs about free will can reveal factors
underpinning their selfish versus selfless behavior as well as how they
attribute responsibility for their own and others’ behavior. Whether and
to what extent people believe in free will might have major
implications for how people think, feel, and behave in serious and
outlined in this proposal will accomplish two aims. The first is to map
laypersons’ beliefs about free will and potential threats to this
belief, such as determinism, reductionism, dualism, and
epiphenomenalism. The second is to use experimental manipulations to
alter (weaken or bolster) various aspects of laypersons’ free will
beliefs and assess the ensuing behavioral consequences.
American Philosophical Society – Franklin Research Grant. $6,000.
(Andy Rudalevige, Political Science.) “The Unilateral Powers of the
Chief Executive: Command, Context, and Constraint”. This project seeks
to expand our useful knowledge about the scope and effectiveness of
presidential unilateralism. It answers two key questions. First, it
takes the first archival look at the formulation of executive orders.
Scholars have assumed that presidents face no managerial costs, no
collective action problems, as they devise unilateral tactics. Yet the
Executive Office of the President, and much more the executive branch,
are surely a “they,” not an “it.” Second, it will be the first
systematic tracing of orders' effectiveness.
U.S. Army War College, $35,000. (Jeff
McCausland, Security Studies). Funding will support two conferences on
Dickinson’s campus entitled “Arms Control and American Foreign Policy in
the 21st Century: The Conventional and Nuclear Nexus in Europe. These
conferences will gather international scholars as well as military and
governmental personnel to examine the challenges to nuclear and
conventional arms control posed by the changing character of political
entities in Europe/Eurasia at the end of the Cold War. The objectives of
the conferences are to provide a more comprehensive and coherent
framework for an arms control regime that links the reduction of
tactical nuclear weapons to the status of conventional forces in Europe
as a means of stabilizing the overall security situation between the
United States, Europe, and Russia.
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars – Kennan Institute – Short-Term Grant. $3,200.
(Karl Qualls, History) “Stalin’s Niños: Soviet Education of Refugee
Children from the Spanish Civil War, 1937-51” Prof. Qualls will be
working at the Library of Congress, which contains memoirs, newspapers,
and pedagogical journals that are otherwise inaccessible. Relevant
materials will be copied and microfilm of the Comintern archives will be
studied. These archives contain information from and about prominent
communists working in or with Spain and the USSR. The files will discuss
the welfare of Spanish children and the Spanish Communist Party’s
directives to Soviet authorities. From the start Spaniards wanted the
Soviets to maintain Spanish education, but the Soviets rebuffed
proposals and raised the children as Soviets. The Comintern files will
clarify some of the policymaking. This research will add to the archival
work already started in the State Archive of the Russian Federation
(fond A-307 of the Ministry of Education is devoted exclusively to the
Houses of Spanish Children) that provides remarkable reports on
curriculum, health care and food supply, financing, and work from the
children’s own hands.
American Association of University Women – Postdoctoral Research Leave American Fellowship. $30,000.
(Catrina Hamilton-Drager, Physics & Astronomy) “A Statistical Study
of Rotation Periods and Disk Indicators in NGC 2362: Examining Disk
Locking at 5 Myr.” This fellowship award enables further collaboration
on this project with Dr. Christopher Johns-Krull, Associate Professor of
Physics and Astronomy at Rice University for AY 2010-2011. Since
December 2003, collaboration with Dr. Johns-Krull focused on several
observing projects aimed at acquiring the necessary data for the tests
of magnetospheric accretion theories proposed here. Rotation is a
fundamental property of a star that changes throughout its lifetime.
Rotation influences mixing of material within a star, including the
supply of hydrogen fuel to the core for nuclear burning, and is a key
ingredient in the generation of magnetic fields in solar-type stars.
Stars themselves form from the gravitational collapse of a rotating
molecular cloud core, the result of which is a rapidly rotating, young,
pre-main sequence star surrounded by a disk of material out of which
momentum involve magnetic breaking in some way. In particular, a
magnetic interaction between stars and their circumstellar disks, known
as “disk-locking,” is believed to cause spin down of stars during the
pre-main sequence evolutionary stage. One way to map out the evolution
of angular momentum observationally is to determine the rotation periods
(and radii) of stars of different masses and ages. We now have several
known rotation periods for stars in clusters of different ages, allowing
us to make quantitative comparisons between the observed period
distributions of stars with and without disks, drawing conclusions about
the evolutions of angular momentum in young stars and the role
magnetospheric accretion plays in the process.
National Science Foundation―Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement Program. $199,903.
(Tom Arnold, Biology and Amy Witter, Chemistry). “A natural approach to
problem-based learning in the undergraduate curriculum: development of
an interdisciplinary course, Chemical Analysis in Chemical Ecology.”
This funding will support the creation of a new interdisciplinary
course. The focus of the course will be to bring together students from
the departments of chemistry and biology to learn about modern chemical
methods of analysis used to study naturally-occurring chemicals with
bioactive properties, including dietary compounds, toxins, pollutants,
and chemical cues. The course will be structured such that students will
first be introduced to current topics of interest to chemical
ecologists (chemical defense, “talking trees,” etc.). The laboratory
portion of the course will introduce students to the analytical
methodology that is currently being used for analysis of the molecules
involved in the phenomena discussed in lecture (volatile collection,
GC-MS analysis, LC-MS analysis). Students from both disciplines will
benefit from the interdisciplinary aspect of the course, which will
allow them to experience firsthand how the experiments discussed in
lecture are actually carried out in the laboratory.
Science Foundation – Informal Science Education (ISE) Program. $120,821
Subcontract through the Cornell Lab of Ornithology at Cornell
University. (Candie Wilderman/Environmental Studies) “Developing,
Validating, and Implementing Situated Evaluation Instruments (DEVISE) to
Assess the Impacts of Public Participation in Scientific Research.”
This grant is for a full-development project that will create, test, and
make available a suite of evaluation designs and tools for use by
professionals who are developing projects in which the public actively
participates in scientific research (PPSR). The number of such projects,
and the need for their systematic evaluation, is large and growing
rapidly. The main goal of DEVISE is to develop a series of strategies
and tools that can be adapted into project-specific instruments for use
in rigorous evaluations. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology (CLO) will
begin with DEVISE Phase One, a baseline study that will gather and study
the instruments and evaluation designs used by existing PPSR projects.
In DEVISE Phase Two, they will conduct extensive evaluations of two
ongoing PPSR programs: CLO’s eBird and Dickinson College’s Alliance for
Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM). These programs have been chosen
to represent different ends of the PPSR spectrum—eBird being “top-down,”
where the questions and research protocols are developed by scientists,
and ALLARM being “bottom-up,” where the questions and study designs are
developed by project participants. After the Phase Two evaluations are
complete we will revise the designs and instruments to integrate
feedback from the field. Then, to validate our materials and to address
issues of reliability, we will enter Phase Three by field testing the
designs and tools across a range of PPSR projects which demonstrate a
variety of science content, participant involvement, and project
outcomes. Finally, after final editing and revisions, DEVISE materials
will be made freely available on the citizen science toolkit website for
use, adaptation, and customization by the ISE field.
The Danish Arts Council. $1,625. (Bev Eddy, German) Funds were awarded for a speaking engagement at “Ordets Dag” in Randers, Denmark, on November 6.
Institutional Grants Received
The Henry Luce Foundation – Luce Initiative on Asian Studies and the Environment (LIASE) – Exploration Grant. $50,000.
(Neil Weissman/Academic Affairs and Neil Diamant/Political Science and
East Asian Studies) Dickinson will use this grant for a project to
explore innovative ways of infusing the study of Asia across the
curriculum through the lens of the environment and sustainable
development. Building upon our well-established programs in East Asian
studies, environmental studies and sustainability education, we intend
to conduct a series of discussions and activities over a 14-month period
beginning on July 1, 2011. Our goal will be to expose faculty and
students from a variety of disciplines to the complexities of Asian
societies, political systems and environmental problems. Using
sustainability as a unifying theme, we will convene a faculty study
group during the 2011-2012 academic year, host a series of visiting
lectures on campus, and pilot a multi-disciplinary summer program in and
around Shanghai in the summer of 2012 that may serve as a model for the
development of similar programs with our other Asian partners in the
future. Through these activities we intend to create opportunities for
the development of new pedagogical and research projects to enrich our
curriculum in exciting new ways.
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. $100,000
(Neil Weissman/Academic Affairs and Doug Stuart/International Studies)
“Collaborative Initiative Between Liberal Arts Colleges and Military
Higher Education Institutions.” This grant will support an initiative to
enhance collaboration among liberal arts colleges and military higher
education institutions. Our intention is to host two planning meetings
and a series of follow-on programs among a group of selective liberal
arts colleges and their neighboring military higher education
institutions. The initiative will facilitate dialogue on the best
education for future military and civilian leaders, the need to better
understand and enhance civilian-military relations in the post-draft
era, and the identification of practical ways to work together. Our goal
is to explore and establish long-term collaborations that will
simultaneously benefit students and faculty, enhance our institutions’
resources through collaboration, and contribute to the vitality of
Teagle Foundation – Engaging Evidence Program.
Subcontract to Dickinson through a grant to Bucknell University. (Bob
Winston/Academic Affairs) “Enhancing Diversity and Diversity Education
at Bucknell, Dickinson and Lafayette.” Bucknell University, Dickinson
College and Lafayette College will receive a $300,000 grant from the
Engaging Evidence Program to conduct a two-year collaborative project
related to diversity and student learning outcomes. Drawing on what we
have learned from analysis of various data sets, Dickinson’s goals for
our portion of the project will be twofold: 1) to test and evaluate
whether incorporating certain components of the successful Posse
Foundation model (such as pre-matriculation programming, development of
cohorts, and mentoring, etc.) will demonstrably improve specific
learning outcomes for male students of color and international students;
and 2) to undertake a review and possible revision of our U.S.
Diversity requirement. The grant will provide Dickinson with $85,000 in
funding to help with several specific activities. First, we intend to
expand and enhance the MANdatory program piloted in the fall of 2010 to
assist male students of color. Second, we will develop an intensive
summer bridge program to better assist incoming international students.
Third, we will work with an outside consultant and offer several faculty
summer study groups related to revision of our U.S. Diversity
requirement. Finally, the grant will support a series of meetings and
workshops to share information, expertise and results with our
counterparts at Bucknell and Lafayette.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) – Growing Greener.
$27,000 sub-award to ALLARM through Pocono Northeast Resource
Conservation and Development Council. (Julie Vastine/ALLARM) “Consortium
for Scientific Assistance to Watersheds (C-SAW VI).” This sub-award
will enable ALLARM to provide technical assistance and mentoring to
watershed organizations to carry out volunteer water quality
assessments. Through this partnership ALLARM also conducts quality
control laboratory analyses for watershed organizations to determine
that volunteers are collecting credible data and works with other C-SAW
partners to provide educational workshops on specific topics through the
end of June 2011.
Colcom Foundation. $185,000.
(Julie Vastine/ALLARM) These grants will support ALLARM’s Marcellus
Shale-related technical assistance for volunteer groups who are
monitoring water quality in western Pennsylvania. Over the next two
years, this work will: 1 ) Strengthen the protocol: ALLARM will continue
to conduct quality control testing of the parameters and techniques
recommended in its Marcellus Monitoring protocol; 2) Conduct rotating
regional and countywide workshops: ALLARM will deliver monitoring
technical assistance throughout the Western PA Marcellus Shale play,
including training workshops, quality assurance/quality control, and
follow-up assistance; 3) Develop an equipment dissemination plan: Create
an equitable plan and guidelines for the distribution of volunteer
monitoring kits and data loggers for county conservation districts; 4)
Develop online training resources: ALLARM will create electronic
resources and post them on our website, which will include refresher
training videos, voiceover PowerPoint presentations, and links to ALLARM
webinars. Additionally these resources will be helpful for a potential
train-the-trainer program, which will include county conservation
districts, museums, and environmental education centers; 5) Advise and
develop data management tools: ALLARM will continue to advise volunteer
friendly interfaces for data management systems like Fractracker and
STORET and explore an interim data storage system until a statewide data
management - appropriate for volunteer monitors - is in place. The
first $100,000 of this grant will be used to purchase water quality
monitoring equipment for volunteer monitoring organizations. The second
$85,000 will be used to support ALLARM’s activities related to the
The Donald B. and Dorothy L. Stabler Foundation. $500,000.
This grant supplements our existing Donald B. and Dorothy L. Stabler
Scholarship Fund to provide additional tuition assistance to worthy
Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board – Program to Reduce Underage and Dangerous Drinking. $15,000. (Tim
Poirier, Dean of Students Office) This funding will be utilized to
create a new initiative at Dickinson College. Over the past three years,
the Division of Student Development has partnered with Outside The
Classroom to implement AlcoholEdu For College, an on-line alcohol
education program, for all incoming first-year students. Through this
program, we have gathered a robust data set about first-year students.
This initiative aims to expand the College’s partnership with Outside
The Classroom so that we can continue to implement AlcoholEdu and use
that data to inform a traditional “social norms” campaign. We also hope
to explore further partnerships with Outside The Classroom to retrieve
data on the entire student body.
Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
Emerging Young Professionals Program: Environment. $499,984. Doug Edlin (Political Science); Ed Webb (PoliSci &
Int'l Studies); Center for Global Study & Engagement. “Across Borders: Managing Trans-Boundary Environmental
Resources in the Near East and the United States”. This collaborative
project between Dickinson and the Arava Institute for Environmental
Studies will enroll two diverse groups of emerging community leaders and
educators for two, four-week exchange/study institutes on the U.S. and
environmental issues. A multinational group of 17 selected
from Israel, Jordan, Egypt and the Palestinian Territories will attend
the session at Dickinson College in summer of 2012; a group of 17
selected from a national pool in the U.S. will attend a session at AIES
in summer 2011. The project will explore topics concerning the contested
natural resources in the Negev Desert, Jordan Valley and Gulf of Aqaba,
and in the Chesapeake Bay watershed region of the U.S. An
interdisciplinary program of study and site visits, combined with
experiential learning and skill building activities, will highlight the
way environmental, economic, social and political factors converge in
The George I. Alden Trust. $85,000.
This funding will support the costs associated with the renovation of
Kaufman Hall, specifically for spaces in the Center for Sustainability
U.S. Department of Justice – Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) – Campus Grant program. $298,037. (Leonard
Brown, Dean of Students and Susannah Bartlow/Women’s Center) This
grant will fund a project to expand and enhance Dickinson College’s
response to sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and
stalking on campus with the goal of ensuring a comprehensive and
collaborative continuum of services. The project has four main
objectives: 1) to create a coordinated community response to violence
against women on campus, building on the efforts of Dickinson’s existing
Assault and Sexuality Coalition; 2) to establish a mandatory prevention
and education program about sexual assault, domestic violence, dating
violence, and stalking for all incoming first-year and transfer
students; 3) to train campus police to respond effectively in sexual
assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking cases; and 4)
to train members of campus disciplinary boards to respond effectively to
charges of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and
stalking. These objectives will be accomplished by: 1) hiring a
full-time Violence Prevention Coordinator (a temporary, three-year
position) to coordinate these activities during the grant period and to
institutionalize successful new policies, procedures, and activities to
sustain the project beyond the grant period; 2) expanding Dickinson’s
limited direct victim advocate services through new contracts with two
nonprofit, nongovernmental victim service agencies—Sexual Assault/Rape
Crisis Services of Cumberland County and Domestic Violence Services of
Cumberland and Perry Counties; 3) working closely with the Pennsylvania
Coalition Against Domestic Violence and the Pennsylvania Coalition
Against Rape, well as with the Office of District Attorney of Cumberland
County, which will serve as consultants for training and education
efforts for students, campus police, and members of disciplinary boards.
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